RUSSIA – New Address Registration Rules
New rules for the registration of foreign nationals, which take effect on 8 July 2018, mean that employers will no longer be able to register their foreign national employees at the company address, and that employers or landlords, rather than employees, will be responsible for carrying out the registration.
What are the changes?
1. The law redefines the concepts of “place of stay” and “host party”:
- "Place of stay" now denotes a living premise or other accommodation, where a foreign national actually dwells (that is, uses it for sleep and rest on a regular basis).
- "Host party" denotes a Russian national, a permanently residing foreign national, a legal entity, a branch or representative office of a legal entity that have provided a foreign national with accommodation where he/she actually dwells.
- Exception: An organization is considered to be the host party and the place of stay for a foreign employee in case this foreign employee actually dwells at the address of the organization or its premise that has no address.
2. It is established that a foreign national is “subject to registration” at the address of stay (previously – “obliged to register” at the address of stay).
What does this mean in practice?
- Foreign nationals must be registered at the place of their actual dwelling (house, apartment or other);
- Employers no longer enjoy the right to register foreign employees at the company’s address, with the exception of those employees who actually dwell at the company’s address.
- Depending on the type of the accommodation lease agreement, the employer or the landlord that have provided accommodation directly to a foreign national will be the host party and will be responsible for carrying out registration.
- If no lease agreement is concluded, the landlord will be the host party.
- Highly Qualified Specialist employees can also be considered the host party in respect of their family members, in case they own the residential premises in Russia and use it for actual residence.
Compliance with the new regulations may be complicated if a landlord (a private individual) is the host party:
- According to the existing enforcement practice the landlord must apply for migration registration of foreign nationals in person (representation on the basis of a Power of Attorney is not allowed);
- Many landlords reside outside Russia and are physically unable to carry out their obligation to register foreign nationals within the provided deadline.
Penalties for violation of the rules of migration registration remains unchanged:
- Legal entities – administrative fine from RUB 400,000 to 500,000;
- Company officials – administrative fine from RUB 40,000 to 50,000;
- Individuals – administrative fine from RUB 2000 to 4000.
Foreign national employee
- Administrative fine from RUB 2000 to 7000 (with or without administrative expulsion from Russia).
Despite the fact that the foreign national employee is now subject to registration (that is, the obligation to carry out registration is fully imposed on the host party), he or she is still obliged to provide the host party with the documents required for registration (passport, migration card, previous registration) as well as to collect the registration from the host party once issued.
The new law does not provide for re-registration at the place of actual dwelling of foreign employees who are currently registered at the company’s address.
The state authorities may conclude that after 8 July, the employer company no longer remains the place of stay of such employees. Therefore, these foreign employees would need to re-register at the new place of stay within the deadline provided by applicable legislation.
In cities hosting the World Cup until 25 July 2018, the deadline for registration is three days. In other locations, registration must be completed within seven business days. For Highly-Qualified Specialists, registration must be completed within 90 days, but re-registration must be completed within 30 days.
- Foreign nationals and their employers in Russia should consult an immigration specialist to ascertain whether their current registration remains valid, and how to register or re-register under the new regulations.